Jump to content
IGNORED

Versand von Abzugsfeder von Amiland nach Deutschland


Der Ami

Recommended Posts

Hallo und einen respektvollen Grüß an allen Mitforisten und Mitforistinnen,

 

ich, ein Amerikaner wohnend in Amiland, wurde gefragt ob ich für einen Bekannten ein Ersatzteil (Abzugsfeder) kaufen und nach Deutschland verschicken kann, da dieses Teil anscheinend nicht in Deutschland erworben werden kann...

 

Waffenschein hat diese Person angeblich... Prinzipiell wäre ich nicht davon komplett abgeneigt.

 

Gibt es eine Anleitung zu wie man sowas legal am besten vornimmt? Ist dies überhaupt erlaubt? 

 

Weiß einer von Ihnen was ich dabei beachten muss? Muss ich rechtlich nachweisen können, dass der Empfänger einen Waffenschein besitzt? Woher soll ich wissen ob der Schein echt ist? Muss ich eine Behörde darüber informieren? Ich weiß, dass der Zoll sehr fleißig ist mit der Inspektion von Paketen.

 

Ich möchte mich voll und ganz innerhalb von der Gesetzgebung bewegen. Ich fürchte, dass der Aufwand sehr groß sein wird.

 

Wer Zeit hat um mir dabei zu helfen: Jetzt schon Mal ein großes Dankeschön von mir!

Link to comment
Share on other sites

vor 40 Minuten schrieb Fussel_Dussel:

Abzugsfedern sind keine relevanten Teile und gibt es auch in Schland frei zu kaufen.

Hier geht es um US-Exportrecht, nicht um US-Waffenrecht. Das deutsche Waffenrecht ist hier tatsächlich ausnahmsweise mal nicht das Problem.

 

In der US Munitions List (USML) findet sich:

 

"Category I – Firearms, Close Assault Weapons and Combat Shotguns – includes automatic, semi-automatic and non-automatic firearms to .50 caliber inclusive (12.7 mm), silencers, certain riflescopes and other firearms items, technical data and parts, components and attachments for the articles in this category."

 

 Abzugskomponenten wie Federn können also durchaus von der USML erfasst sein und dann ITAR unterliegen, mit allen Folgen (Registrierungspflicht des Exporteurs, Registrierungspflicht des Herstellers, Genehmigungs- oder Anmeldepflicht des Exportvorgangs - auch bei Ausnahmen für Kleinaufträge, die im Übrigen nur für registrierte Exporteure greifen).

 

https://www.law.cornell.edu/cfr/text/22/122.1

 

"Any person who engages in the United States in the business of manufacturing or exporting or temporarily importing defense articles, or furnishing defense services, is required to register with the Directorate of Defense Trade Controls under § 122.2. For the purpose of this subchapter, engaging in such a business requires only one occasion of manufacturing or exporting or temporarily importing a defense article or furnishing a defense service. "

 

Unterliegt das Waffenteil nicht ITAR, kann es noch von den Export Administration Regulations (EAR) erfasst werden, wenn die betroffenen Komponenten in der Commerce Control List (CCL) stehen.

 

Insbesondere als Amerikaner würde ich da sehr vorsichtig sein und im Zweifelsfall meine Finger davon lassen. Du bist da natürlich deutlich einfacher greifbar als Dein Transaktionsgegenüber in Deutschland.

 

Wenn das Teil in Deutschland definitiv nicht zu erwerben ist, wird das daran liegen, dass der Hersteller nicht beim State Department registriert ist. Dann darfst Du das Teil auch nicht exportieren.

 

Wenn das Teil nicht von ITAR erfasst ist oder der Hersteller registriert ist, dann kann jeder deutsche einschlägige Importeur wie z.B. Spartac/Kingshot, Horner oder Brownells das Teil importieren. Im Zweifelsfall dauert das halt und kostet Geld, dafür ist es dann aber legal und ohne rechtliches Risiko für Dich oder für den Käufer.

 

Aber natürlich gibt's immer wieder welche, die sich für klüger als alle anderen halten. Das geht meistens gut, bis es halt mal nicht gut geht. Und dann ist das gejammer gross. Wer sucht, findet genügend Fälle, in denen Leute für ITAR Exportverstöße einiges an Problemen bis hin zu mehrjähriger Haft für ein paar an "Freunde" gelieferte EOTEchs bekamen...

Edited by German
  • Like 3
Link to comment
Share on other sites

In regelmäßig-unregelmäßigen Abständen bringt Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver & Jacobson LLP einen "ITAR Enforcement Digest" raus, in dem Musterfälle vorgestellt werden.

 

Ich weiss aber nicht mehr, aus welchem Digest ich den Fall mit den EOTechs habe,die ein ehem. US-Soldat an Airsofter in Japan geschickt hatte.

Auf die Schnelle hab' ich nur eine Ausgabe von 2012 und eine von 2016 im Netz gefunden, in denen ist der Fall nicht beschrieben.

 

Das DOJ veröffentlicht auch regelmäßig eine zwischenzeitlich immer wieder aktualisierte Liste von größeren Beispiel-Fällen:

 

https://www.justice.gov/nsd/page/file/1044446/download

 

Sucht man in dem Dokument unter "Trigger", findet sich dann sowas:

 

Zitat

Gun Parts Smuggled by Russian Citizen - On April 26, 2017, in the Northern District of Illinois, Konstantin Chekhovskoi, a citizen of the Russian Federation, was arrested on a complaint charging him with attempting to export articles from the United States contrary to U.S. law, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 554. According to the complaint, U.S. Customs and Border Patrol (CBP) officers at O’Hare International Airport in Chicago selected Chekhovskoi for inspection pursuant to their border search authority as he attempted to board a commercial flight to Sweden. CBP inspected 11 suitcases, all of which were labeled with airline baggage tags with Chekhovskoi’s name on them. Among other things, officers uncovered rifle magazines and stocks, which they recognized to be enumerated on the U.S. Munitions List. Queries of appropriate law enforcement databases indicated Chekhovskoi did not have a license to export such items. In all, approximately 960 gun parts were seized from Chekhovskoi’s luggage, including 196 magazines, 55 stocks, and 98 triggers. Chekhovskoi was taken into custody. A grand jury indicted him on July 27. On Dec. 12, 2017, Chekhovskoi pleaded guiltyto smuggling. On March22, 2018, he was sentenced to 18 months in federal prisonand fined $100,000. This case was investigated by Homeland Security Investigations.

Für andere (ggf. über Foren) was aus den USA verschicken:

 

Zitat

Firearm Parts to the PhilippinesOn Nov.2, 2016, Kirby Santos of the Republic of the Philippines was sentenced in the District of New Jersey to 24 monthsimprisonment, 3 years supervised release, $100 special assessment and $2,400 fine after pleading guilty on Oct. 7, 2015, to an information charging him with one count of conspiracy to violate the Arms Export Control Act and U.S. anti-smuggling laws.According to the documents filed in this case, other cases and statements made in court:Santos admitted that from 2008 through Oct. 2013, he and conspirators he met in the Philippines or through an online forum agreed to ship firearms parts from the United States to the Philippines. Santos and others used credit cards and other forms of payment to purchase firearms parts from suppliers in the United States. Knowing that they would not ship to the Philippines, Santos arranged for the suppliers to send the firearms parts to the addresses of conspirators in Toms River, New Jersey, and Lynwood, Washington, in order to make the purchases appear as domestic sales.At the direction of Santos, the conspirators, including Abelardo Delmundo, 53, of Toms River, New Jersey,would then repackage the firearms parts, falsely label the contents of the package and export the firearms parts to the Philippines for ultimate delivery to Santos. To disguise their role in the conspiracy, the conspirators used aliases when sending the packages containing prohibited items. Upon receiving the firearms parts, Santos paid Delmundo and other conspirators in the form of cash or wire transfers to others at their direction.During the course of the nearly five-year long conspiracy, Santos and others purchased and directed the unlawful exportation of more than $200,000 worth of defense articles from the United States to the Philippines without the required export license.Santos made his initial appearance in federal court on April22, 2015, afterbeing charged by criminal complaint with one count of conspiracy to violate the Arms Export Control Act and U.S. anti-smuggling laws.The Arms Export Control Act prohibits the export of defense articles and defense services without first obtaining a license from the U.S. Department of State and is one of the principal export control laws in the United States.Santos was arrested in Guam on March 31, 2015, by special agents of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security-Homeland Security Investigations (DHS-HSI) and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF).Delmundo, charged in the District of New Jersey under a separate information, pleaded guilty to his role in the conspiracy on April30, 2015.This investigation was conducted by DHS-HSI, ATF.

 

Ansonsten noch zur Legalität der Nutzung von Paketweiterleitungsdiensten für diese Zwecke:

 

https://www.ecustoms.com/about-us/visual_trade_compliance_resources/us_export_violations/

 

Zitat

Eric Baird

December 2018. Eric Baird, the former owner and Chief Executive Officer of Florida-based package consolidation and shipping service Access USA Shipping LLC, pleaded guilty to one count of felony smuggling and admitted to 166 administrative violations of U.S. export control laws. BIS issued an Order outlining the administrative violations and imposing civil penalties of $17 million, with $7 million suspended, and a 5-year denial of export privileges, of which one year is suspended. Access USA provided foreign customers with a U.S. address that they used to acquire U.S.-origin items for export without alerting U.S. merchants of the items’ intended destinations. Access USA would regularly change the accurate value and nature  of items on export documentation.

Hier ein Beispiel eines Versandes von ACOGs nach Deutschland:

 

Zitat

Janiece Michelle Hough

June, 2014 Janiece Michelle Hough was found guility of one count of smuggling goods from the United States after she shipped two Advanced Combat Optical Gunsights to Germany as part of her home business operations. She did so without the requisite license needed for the parts under the ITAR. Following her guilty plea, Hough was sentenced to six months of imprisonment, followed by three years of supervised release. Hough was also ordered to perform 100 hours of community service and to forfeit $198,054.

"Mitbringsel" aus dem Urlaub:

 

Zitat

Konstantin Chekhovskoi

March 2018. Konstantin Chekhovskoi was sentenced to 18 months in federal prison for illegally attempting to export from the U.S. more than $100,000 in munitions. Chekhovskoi was apprehended at O’Hare International Airport in Chicago. In his checked baggage were firearm parts, ammunition and accessories, many of which were designed for assault rifles. Chekhovskoi lacked the required license for the export-controlled items.

 

Edited by German
  • Like 1
  • Important 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

vor 11 Minuten schrieb German:

Ich weiss aber nicht mehr, aus welchem Digest ich den Fall mit den EOTechs, die ein ehem US-Soldat an Airsofter in Japan geschickt hat.

https://www.justice.gov/nsd/files/export_case_list_june_2016_2.pdf/download

 

Hier zumindest ein recht ähnlich gelagerter Fall, auch wenn das nicht der ist, den ich meine:

Zitat

Holographic Weapons Sights and Firearms Parts to China and Japan - On Aug. 3, 2011, Andrew Vincent ODonnell, of Georgia, was sentenced in the Northern District of Georgia to 37 months in prison, three years supervised release and ordered to pay a fine of $2500 for his role in a conspiracy to violate and violating the Arms Export Control Act and possessing short barrel rifles. ODonnell pleaded guilty on Feb. 25, 2011. ODonnell operated an eBay online store called "LRA Tactical Gear" through which he sold various weapons parts and accessories, including military holographic weapons sights and gun parts. ODonnell sold more than 50 export-controlled military holographic weapons sights to a customer in Hong Kong without the required export license, falsely labeling the shipments as toys. He also sold gun parts used to assemble an AR15 / M16 / M4 rifle to a customer in Japan after routing the parts through a third country to conceal the illegal nature of the exports. Co-defendant Ho Yueng Barry Tang remains a fugitive. This investigation was conducted by ICE.

 

  • Like 2
  • Important 1
Link to comment
Share on other sites

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.
Note: Your post will require moderator approval before it will be visible.

Guest
Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

×
×
  • Create New...

Important Information

Terms of Use
Privacy Policy
Guidelines
We have placed cookies on your device to help make this website better. You can adjust your cookie settings, otherwise we'll assume you're okay to continue.